Kyoto Protocol and beyond
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is the only Kyoto mechanism that allows developed and developing countries to collaborate. There are a number of requirements to be met by project activities to ensure that they truly support “development” for the people living in the area, that they are “clean” and follow proper procedures. Technically, eligibility of lands for the implementation of CDM project activities has to comply with international rules and national regulations and priorities.
In the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, LULUCF activities under the CDM are limited to afforestation and reforestation or A/R CDM. In this connection, the seventh session of the Conference of Parties (COP7) to the UNFCCC provided the defi nition of afforestation and reforestation under the provision of Decision 17/CP.7, where afforestation is the direct human-induced conversion of land that has not been forested for a period of at least 50 years to forested land through planting, seeding and/or the human-induced promotion of natural seed sources.