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Flooding that occurred in several places in Indonesia caused by forest destruction. Flooding is just one result of the impact of deforestation on the environment. Not only floods in the rainy season, the danger of drought occurs when the dry season comes. When forests are well preserved to have the lush trees, forests can absorb water when the rains come and save them in the soil in the crevices of the roots, then release it slowly through the watershed. Forests control the fluctuation of the water in the river during the rainy season so it does not overflow during the dry season and not dry. Here the forest functions as a regulator of hydro-orologis for human life and other living creatures. In addition to flooding and drought, there are many more negative effects of deforestation. Damage to the forest environment like this is a human-induced damage to the cutting down of trees in the headwaters of the river even clearing the converted in other uses.

forest destruction in indonesia

Hydro-Orologis system disruption due to forest destruction. Flooding during the rainy season and drought during the dry season is an example of non-functioning of the forest to keep the water system. Rainwater that falls can not be absorbed by the soil, or surface runoff flow rate is so large. Rain water that falls directly into the sea carrying a variety of sediments and particles results from surface erosion. The occurrence of flash floods everywhere that cause loss of property and lives. Affected communities losing their possessions and homes where they take shelter from the flood carried away, even plus the loss of priceless lives.

Understanding and definition of forest degradation is the reduction in forest area due to damage to forest ecosystems are often referred to forest degradation and deforestation as well plus the conversion of forest land or the term deforestation. CIFOR study (International Forestry Research) examine the causes of forest cover change which consists of shifting cultivation, encroachment, transmigration, mining, plantation, plantations, logging and timber industry. Besides illegal logging activities carried out by professional groups or smugglers who illegally supported by rogue elements. The opening of forests for oil palm plantations be ditunding as one of the causes of forest destruction. Forest in which there are many different kinds of trees turned into monoculture, causing loss of biodiversity and ecological balance in the area. Some types of animals that make the forest as its habitat will move to find a more suitable place to live. Land clearing for oil palm plantations in tropical forests is one of the trigger fires and a negative impact on greenhouse gas emissions.

Virgin Forest
Natural Forest
Primary Forest
Secondary Forest
Forest Degradation
Accessed Forest
Low Access Forest
Forest Cover
Selective Loging
Production Forest
Protection Forest
Conservation Forest
Conversion Forest
Limited Production Forest
Mangrove Forest
Beach Forest
Swamp Forest
Imperata cylindrica
Forest Burning


Recent research results of CIFOR revealed some negative impact from changes in land use for the production of biofuels or biofuel. Development of oil palm plantations on peatland, carbon emissions resulting from land conversion takes hundreds of years for the recovery process as usual.

Data of forest destruction in Indonesia is still confusing, this is due to differences in perception and interest in revealing data about forest destruction. The rate of deforestation in Indonesia according to World Bank estimates between 700,000 to 1.2 million ha per year, where deforestation by shifting cultivators is estimated at half. But the World Bank acknowledged that the estimated rate of deforestation is based on weak data. Meanwhile, according to the FAO, said the rate of forest destruction in Indonesia reached 1.315 million ha per year or a total area of forest annually reduced by one percent (1%). NGOs concerned about environmental degradation reveal achieve 1600000-2000000 ha per year and higher data revealed by Greenpeace, the forest destruction in Indonesia reached 3.8 million ha per year, mostly illegal logging. While there are forestry experts who reveal the rate of deforestation in Indonesia is 1.08 million ha per year.

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